Create a presence in a US state

Create a presence in a US state

In order to own a vehicle in the United States, you need to create a presence in one of the US states.

The US states, not the US national government, handle vehicle ownership.

US state presence requirements overview

Each US state has its own rules for the presence required to own a vehicle.

The rules generally fall into the following categories
In-state address
In order to own a vehicle in any US state, you have to provide an address in that state.

Some states only require an address in that state to own a vehicle, other states have more presence requirements.
In-state driver's license
In addition to requiring an in-state address, some states require you to have a driver's license from that state in order to own a vehicle in that state.
Social security number
In addition to requiring an in-state address, some states require either an in-state driver's license or a social security number to own a vehicle in that state.
Proof of residency
A handful of US states require an address, as well as proof of residence at that address, in order to own a vehicle in that state.

The documents required to prove residency differ from state to state.
Proof of legal US presence
Two US states require an address and proof of legal presence in the United States in order to own a vehicle in that state.
Points of identity system
Two US states require applicants for vehicle ownership to prove their identity according to a point system. Points are awarded for documents such as a US driver's license, a US passport, a US bank account, proof of social security number, and other items.

State-by-state presence requirements

Below are each US state's presence requirements to own a vehicle in that state

US state

Address

Identity

Residency

Other

West Coast

Alaska

Alaska address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

California

California address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Hawaii

Hawaii address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Oregon

Oregon address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof of Oregon residency required
-

Washington

Washington address required
Washington State driver's license required
Proof not required
-

Rocky Mountains

Arizona

Arizona address required
Arizona driver's license required
Proof of Arizona residency required
-

Colorado

Colorado address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
Proof of lawful US presence required

Idaho

Idaho address required
Idaho driver's license or social security number required
Proof not required
-

Montana

Montana address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof of Montana residency required
A Montana legal entity (e.g., an LLC) is a Montana resident

Nevada

Nevada address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

New Mexico

New Mexico address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof of New Mexico residency required
-

Utah

Utah address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Wyoming

Wyoming address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Midwest

Illinois

Illinois address required
Illinois driver's license or ID card required
Proof of Illinois residency required
-

Indiana

Indiana address required
Indiana driver's license or social security number required
Proof not required
-

Iowa

Iowa address required
Iowa driver's license or social security number required
Proof not required
-

Kansas

Kansas address required
Kansas driver's license required
Proof not required
-

Michigan

Michigan address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Minnesota

Minnesota address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Missouri

Missouri address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Nebraska

Nebraska address required
Nebraska driver's license or social security number required
Proof not required
-

North Dakota

North Dakota address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Ohio

Ohio address required
Ohio driver's license, ID card, or social security number required
Proof not required
-

South Dakota

South Dakota address required
South Dakota driver's license, ID card, or social security number required
Proof not required
-

Wisconsin

Wisconsin address required
Wisconsin driver's license or social security number required
Proof not required
-

Northeast

Connecticut

Connecticut address required
Connecticut driver's license, ID card, or US passport required
Proof not required
-

Delaware

Delaware address required
Delaware driver's license required
Proof not required
-

Maine

Maine address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof of Maine residence required
-

Massachusetts

Massachusetts address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
Proof of lawful US presence required

New Hampshire

New Hampshire address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof of New Hampshire residence required
-

New Jersey

New Jersey address required
Six points of identity required
Proof of New Jersey residence required
-

New York

New York address required
Six points of identity required
Proof not required
-

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania address required
Pennsylvania driver's license or ID card required
Proof not required
-

Rhode Island

Rhode Island address required
Rhode Island driver's license or ID card required
Proof of Rhode Island residency required
-

Vermont

Vermont address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

The South

Alabama

Alabama address required
Driver's license issued by any US state required
Proof of Alabama residency required
-

Arkansas

Arkansas address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Florida

Florida address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Georgia

Georgia address required
Georgia driver's license or ID card required
Proof not required
-

Kentucky

Kentucky address required
Kentucky driver's license, social security number, or US federal government ID required
Proof not required
-

Louisiana

Louisiana address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Maryland

Maryland address required
Maryland driver's license required
Proof not required
-

Mississippi

Mississippi address required
Driver's license issued by any US state
Proof not required
-

North Carolina

North Carolina address required
North Carolina driver's license or ID card required
Proof not required
-

Oklahoma

Oklahoma address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

South Carolina

South Carolina address required
Driver's license issued by any US state, or a foreign passport required
Proof not required
-

Tennessee

Tennessee address required
Driver's license issued by any US state, or a foreign passport required
Proof not required
-

Texas

Texas address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof not required
-

Virginia

Virginia address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof of Virginia residency required
-

Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C. address required
Washington, D.C. driver's license or ID card required
Proof of Washington, D.C. residency required
-

West Virginia

West Virginia address required
Any valid government-issued photo ID
Proof of West Virginia residency required
-

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